The HED at Stanmore Madressa held a workshop with Christian scholar Dr Chris Hewer recently and the following was written by a student who attended.
As Muslims across the world spend the last days of Ramadhan in prayer, performing good deeds and taking care of their religious accountabilities, paying Zakat al-Fitrah, Fidyah and Kaffarah are among those dues that are foremost in our minds. The World Federation of KSIMC is facilitating payments for Zakat al-Fitrah, Fidyah and Kaffarah.
Please note that the general rules pertaining to Zakat al-Fitrah, Fidyah and Kaffarah outlined in this article are according to the rulings of Ayatullah Sistani. Please refer to his website for more detailed information on these rulings.
ZAKAT AL-FITRAH - £5 per person.
FIDYAH - £1.50 per fast.
KAFFARAH - £90 per fast.
Zakat al-Fitrah is a religious tax paid on the day when Muslims break the fasting period at the end of the Holy month of Ramadhan. According to ruling number 2034 of Ayatullah Sistani’s Islamic Laws: “It is not permitted for one to give Fitrah before the month of Ramadhan, and it is better that he does not give it during the month of Ramadhan either. However, there is no problem if one gives a loan to a poor person before Ramadhan and then counts the loan as Fitrah once Fitrah has become obligatory on him.”
It is obligatory on every sane adult, who is not poor nor a slave, to pay on his and all his dependents’ behalf about 3 kilos of an item of food that is a staple food in his locality; he can also pay the equivalent in cash.
It is obligatory for a host to pay Zakat al-Fitrah for his guest who arrives at his house before sunset, if he becomes his temporary dependent.
Obligatory precaution is that the Fitrah should be distributed to someone who is Shia and poor and based on obligatory precaution, it should not be given to someone who is an open sinner, or who drinks or who does not offer his prayers. However, Fitrah should not be given to someone who uses it in sinful acts.
If a person claims to be poor, Fitrah cannot be given to him unless one is satisfied with his claim; or, if one knows that the claimant has been poor previously.
One should give Fitrah with the intention of seeking nearness to Allah and fulfilling His orders.
If a deserving person is available in the hometown of a person, it is an obligatory precaution that the Fitrah money is not transferred to another place.
Payment of Fitrah becomes wajib (obligatory) after sunset on the eve of Eid ul Fitr. The Fitrah should be paid by the day of Eid ul Fitr before Eid prayers or before midday (the time of Zuhr prayers) for those who do not perform Eid prayers.
For more information, download FAQ on Zakat al-Fitrah (provided by The Academy for Learning Islam).
Those incapable of fasting (such as the elderly, those who cannot fast due to illness, and those who go through desperate situations temporarily preventing them from fasting, such as some pregnant women and some nursing mothers) must offer the Fidyah. The Fidyah is feeding one poor person for each day in which fasting was missed during the month of Ramadhan.
Fidyah is one Mudd = approximately 750 grams of food (better to give wheat) to a poor Muslim Shia (This is different to just feeding someone a meal).
Fidyah for multiple days can be given to one person.
Fidyah must be delivered as food and not as money to buy food.
It is permissible to appoint a wakil (e.g. a trusted charity) who will take money and distribute it.
This does not need to be given straight away, but neither should it be delayed negligently.
Kaffarah is a penalty which becomes payable, as well as the qadha of that fast, for those fasts that were missed intentionally, voluntarily and without any force or pressure (i.e. without a valid excuse) by doing any of the following:
Staying in the state of Janabat until the time for Fajr prayers.
According to the ruling of Ayatullah Sistani, invalidating a fast without a valid reason other than those mentioned above should also be re-compensated with Kaffarah and qadha.
The Kaffarah for leaving out a fast is to:
Free a slave, or fast for two months, or feed 60 poor people to their fill (or give one mudd = approximately 750 grams of food such as wheat, barley, bread, etc. to each of them).
If it is not possible to fulfill any of these, then you should give sadaqah according to your means and seek Divine forgiveness. The obligatory precaution is that you should give Kaffarah as and when you are able to do so.
Whilst it is not necessary to give Kaffarah immediately, one should not be negligent about it either.
If one has missed any days of fasting during the month of Ramadhan in the previous year, then it is a religious recommendation to make up those fasts before the next Ramadhan.
If one has days of fast to make up, but intentionally does not make them up before the next Ramadhan, the person is still held religiously liable (to make the days up at a later time) and must offer a Fidyah for each day missed by feeding one poor person.
For specific questions - about your situation, please visit ‘Ask An Alim’, where you can submit a question and await a response from an Alim or view similar questions which may apply to you.
For general information - please view this chart created by The Academy for Learning Islam which shows reasons for not fasting, and the correct corresponding action required.
Make your payment directly to your Jamaat Treasurer
We are pleased to share with you results from our consultations with key stakeholders pertaining to MCE’s draft Tarbiyah curriculum framework.
Read a short biography of Imam Hasan (as)